Advantage and disadvantage of dating
It has become conventional for policymakers to assert that the residential isolation of low-income black children is now “,” resulting from racially-motivated and explicit public policy whose effects endure to the present.Without awareness of the history of state-sponsored residential segregation, policymakers are unlikely to take meaningful steps to understand or fulfill the constitutional mandate to remedy the racial isolation of neighborhoods, or the school segregation that flows from it. We cannot substantially improve the performance of the poorest African American students – the “truly disadvantaged,” in William Julius Wilson’s phrase – by school reform alone.When a school’s proportion of students at risk of failure grows, the consequences of disadvantage are exacerbated.
Illustrative is that Latino immigrants who had resided in California for at least 30 years had a 65 percent homeownership rate prior to the burst of the housing bubble (Myers, 2008).1 It’s undoubtedly lower after the bubble burst, but still extraordinary.
Abstract Social and economic disadvantage – not only poverty, but a host of associated conditions – depresses student performance.
Concentrating students with these disadvantages in racially and economically homogenous schools depresses it further.
This school segregation mostly reflects neighborhood segregation.
In urban areas, low-income white students are more likely to be integrated into middle-class neighborhoods and less likely to attend school predominantly with other disadvantaged students.