Thus, Lutherans resist the idea that the bread and wine are mere symbols.
Purgatory - Lutherans reject the Catholic doctrine of purgatory, a place of cleansing where believers go after death, before entering heaven.
The Small Catechism contains basic explanations of the Ten Commandments, Apostles' Creed, the Lord's Prayer, baptism, confession, communion, and a list of prayers and table of duties.
The Large Catechism goes into great detail on these topics.
Heaven is a realm where believers enjoy God forever, free from sin, death, and evil.
Hell is a place of punishment where the soul is eternally separated from God.
In the Lutheran Church, much emphasis is placed on hearing the Word of God.
The church teaches that the Bible does not merely contain the Word of God, but every word of it is inspired or "God-breathed." The Holy Spirit is the author of the Bible.
Scripture - Luther believed the Scriptures contained the one necessary guide to truth.Church Governance - Luther maintained that individual churches should be governed locally, not by a centralized authority, as in the Roman Catholic Church.Although many Lutheran branches still have bishops, they do not exercise the same type of control over congregations.But the doctrine of transubstantiation was rejected.While Lutherans believe in the true presence of Jesus Christ in the elements of bread and wine, the church is not specific in how or when that act occurs.